(make.info)Implicit Variables


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Variables Used by Implicit Rules
================================

   The commands in built-in implicit rules make liberal use of certain
predefined variables.  You can alter these variables in the makefile,
with arguments to `make', or in the environment to alter how the
implicit rules work without redefining the rules themselves.

   For example, the command used to compile a C source file actually
says `$(CC) -c $(CFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS)'.  The default values of the
variables used are `cc' and nothing, resulting in the command `cc -c'.
By redefining `CC' to `ncc', you could cause `ncc' to be used for all C
compilations performed by the implicit rule.  By redefining `CFLAGS' to
be `-g', you could pass the `-g' option to each compilation.  *All*
implicit rules that do C compilation use `$(CC)' to get the program
name for the compiler and *all* include `$(CFLAGS)' among the arguments
given to the compiler.

   The variables used in implicit rules fall into two classes: those
that are names of programs (like `CC') and those that contain arguments
for the programs (like `CFLAGS').  (The "name of a program" may also
contain some command arguments, but it must start with an actual
executable program name.)  If a variable value contains more than one
argument, separate them with spaces.

   Here is a table of variables used as names of programs in built-in
rules:

`AR'
     Archive-maintaining program; default `ar'.

`AS'
     Program for doing assembly; default `as'.

`CC'
     Program for compiling C programs; default `cc'.

`CXX'
     Program for compiling C++ programs; default `g++'.

`CO'
     Program for extracting a file from RCS; default `co'.

`CPP'
     Program for running the C preprocessor, with results to standard
     output; default `$(CC) -E'.

`FC'
     Program for compiling or preprocessing Fortran and Ratfor programs;
     default `f77'.

`GET'
     Program for extracting a file from SCCS; default `get'.

`LEX'
     Program to use to turn Lex grammars into C programs or Ratfor
     programs; default `lex'.

`PC'
     Program for compiling Pascal programs; default `pc'.

`YACC'
     Program to use to turn Yacc grammars into C programs; default
     `yacc'.

`YACCR'
     Program to use to turn Yacc grammars into Ratfor programs; default
     `yacc -r'.

`MAKEINFO'
     Program to convert a Texinfo source file into an Info file; default
     `makeinfo'.

`TEX'
     Program to make TeX DVI files from TeX source; default `tex'.

`TEXI2DVI'
     Program to make TeX DVI files from Texinfo source; default
     `texi2dvi'.

`WEAVE'
     Program to translate Web into TeX; default `weave'.

`CWEAVE'
     Program to translate C Web into TeX; default `cweave'.

`TANGLE'
     Program to translate Web into Pascal; default `tangle'.

`CTANGLE'
     Program to translate C Web into C; default `ctangle'.

`RM'
     Command to remove a file; default `rm -f'.

   Here is a table of variables whose values are additional arguments
for the programs above.  The default values for all of these is the
empty string, unless otherwise noted.

`ARFLAGS'
     Flags to give the archive-maintaining program; default `rv'.

`ASFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the assembler (when explicitly invoked on a
     `.s' or `.S' file).

`CFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the C compiler.

`CXXFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the C++ compiler.

`COFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the RCS `co' program.

`CPPFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the C preprocessor and programs that use it
     (the C and Fortran compilers).

`FFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the Fortran compiler.

`GFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the SCCS `get' program.

`LDFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to compilers when they are supposed to invoke
     the linker, `ld'.

`LFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to Lex.

`PFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the Pascal compiler.

`RFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to the Fortran compiler for Ratfor programs.

`YFLAGS'
     Extra flags to give to Yacc.


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