(lispref.info)Simple Macro

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A Simple Example of a Macro

   Suppose we would like to define a Lisp construct to increment a
variable value, much like the `++' operator in C.  We would like to
write `(inc x)' and have the effect of `(setq x (1+ x))'.  Here's a
macro definition that does the job:

     (defmacro inc (var)
        (list 'setq var (list '1+ var)))

   When this is called with `(inc x)', the argument `var' has the value
`x'--*not* the *value* of `x'.  The body of the macro uses this to
construct the expansion, which is `(setq x (1+ x))'.  Once the macro
definition returns this expansion, Lisp proceeds to evaluate it, thus
incrementing `x'.

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