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Moving Among Messages
The most basic thing to do with a message is to read it. The way to
do this in Rmail is to make the message current. You can make any
message current, given its message number, by using the `j' command, but
people most often move sequentially through the file, since this is the
order of receipt of messages. When you enter Rmail, you are positioned
at the first new message (new messages are those received after you last
used Rmail), or at the last message if there are no new messages this
time. Move forward to see other new messages if there are any; move
backward to re-examine old messages.
Move to the next non-deleted message, skipping any intervening
Move to the previous non-deleted message
Move to the next message, including deleted messages
Move to the previous message, including deleted messages
Move to the first message. With argument N, move to message
number N (`rmail-show-message').
Move to the last message (`rmail-last-message').
`M-s REGEXP RET'
Move to the next message containing a match for REGEXP
(`rmail-search'). If REGEXP is empty, the last regexp used is
`- M-s REGEXP RET'
Move to the previous message containing a match for REGEXP. If
REGEXP is empty, the last regexp used is used again.
To move among messages in Rmail, you can use `n' and `p'. These
keys move through the messages sequentially but skip over deleted
messages, which is usually what you want to do. Their command
definitions are named `rmail-next-undeleted-message' and
`rmail-previous-undeleted-message'. If you do not want to skip deleted
messages--for example, if you want to move to a message to undelete
it--use the variants `M-n' (`rmail-next-message') and `M-p'
(`rmail-previous-message'). A numeric argument to any of these
commands serves as a repeat count.
In Rmail, you can specify a numeric argument by just typing the
digits. It is not necessary to type `C-u' first.
The `M-s' (`rmail-search') command is Rmail's version of search.
The usual incremental search command `C-s' works in Rmail, but searches
only within the current message. The purpose of `M-s' is to search for
another message. It reads a regular expression (Note: Regexps.)
non-incrementally, then starts searching at the beginning of the
following message for a match. The message containing the match is
To search backward in the file for another message, give `M-s' a
negative argument. In Rmail you can do this with `- M-s'.
It is also possible to search for a message based on labels. *Note
To move to a message specified by absolute message number, use `j'
(`rmail-show-message') with the message number as argument. With no
argument, `j' selects the first message. `>' (`rmail-last-message')
selects the last message.
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