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Each message can have various "labels" assigned to it as a means of
classification. A label has a name; different names mean different
labels. Any given label is either present or absent on a particular
message. A few label names have standard meanings and are given to
messages automatically by Rmail when appropriate; these special labels
are called "attributes". All other labels are assigned by the user.
`a LABEL RET'
Assign the label LABEL to the current message (`rmail-add-label').
`k LABEL RET'
Remove the label LABEL from the current message
`C-M-n LABELS RET'
Move to the next message that has one of the labels LABELS
`C-M-p LABELS RET'
Move to the previous message that has one of the labels LABELS
`C-M-l LABELS RET'
Make a summary of all messages containing any of the labels LABELS
Specifying an empty string for one these commands means to use the last
label specified for any of these commands.
The `a' (`rmail-add-label') and `k' (`rmail-kill-label') commands
allow you to assign or remove any label on the current message. If the
LABEL argument is empty, it means to assign or remove the label most
recently assigned or removed.
Once you have given messages labels to classify them as you wish,
there are two ways to use the labels: in moving and in summaries.
The command `C-M-n LABELS RET' (`rmail-next-labeled-message') moves
to the next message that has one of the labels LABELS. LABELS is one
or more label names, separated by commas. `C-M-p'
(`rmail-previous-labeled-message') is similar, but moves backwards to
previous messages. A preceding numeric argument to either one serves
as a repeat count.
The command `C-M-l LABELS RET' (`rmail-summary-by-labels') displays
a summary containing only the messages that have at least one of a
specified set of messages. The argument LABELS is one or more label
names, separated by commas. Note: Rmail Summary, for information on
If the LABELS argument to `C-M-n', `C-M-p' or `C-M-l' is empty, it
means to use the last set of labels specified for any of these commands.
Some labels such as `deleted' and `filed' have built-in meanings and
are assigned to or removed from messages automatically at appropriate
times; these labels are called "attributes". Here is a list of Rmail
Means the message has never been current. Assigned to messages
when they come from an inbox file, and removed when a message is
Means the message is deleted. Assigned by deletion commands and
removed by undeletion commands (Note: Rmail Deletion.).
Means the message has been copied to some other file. Assigned by
the file output commands (Note: Rmail Files.).
Means you have mailed an answer to the message. Assigned by the
`r' command (`rmail-reply'). Note: Rmail Reply.
Means you have forwarded the message to other users. Assigned by
the `f' command (`rmail-forward'). Note: Rmail Reply.
Means you have edited the text of the message within Rmail. *Note
All other labels are assigned or removed only by the user, and it is
up to the user to decide what they mean.
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