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The File Menu
The File menu bar item contains the items New Screen, Open File...,
Save Buffer, Save Buffer As..., Revert Buffer, Print Buffer, Delete
Screen, Kill Buffer and Exit Emacs on the pull-down menu. If you
select a menu item, Emacs executes the equivalent command.
Open File, New Screen...
Prompts you for a filename and loads that file into a new buffer
in a new Emacs screen, that is, a new X window running under the
same Emacs process. You can remove the screen using the Delete
Screen menu item. When you remove the last screen, you exit Emacs
and are prompted for confirmation.
Prompts you for a filename and loads that file into a new buffer.
Open File... is equivalent to the Emacs command `find-file' (`C-x
Prompts you for a filename and inserts the contents of that file
into the current buffer. The file associated with the current
buffer is not changed by this command. This is equivalent to the
Emacs command `insert-file' (`C-x i').
Writes and saves the current Emacs buffer as the latest version of
the current visited file. Save Buffer is equivalent to the Emacs
command `save-buffer' (`C-x C-s').
Save Buffer As...
Writes and saves the current Emacs buffer to the filename you
specify. Save Buffer As... is equivalent to the Emacs command
`write-file' (`C-x C-w').
Restores the last saved version of the file to the current buffer.
When you edit a buffer containing a text file, you must save the
buffer before your changes become effective. Use Revert Buffer if
you do not want to keep the changes you have made in the buffer.
Revert Buffer is equivalent to the Emacs command `revert-file'
Kills the current buffer, prompting you first if there are unsaved
changes. This is roughly equivalent to the Emacs command
`kill-buffer' (`C-x k'), except that `kill-buffer' prompts for the
name of a buffer to kill.
Prints a hardcopy of the current buffer. Equivalent to the Emacs
command `print-buffer' (`M-x print-buffer').
Creates a new Emacs screen displaying the `*scratch*' buffer. This
is like the Open File, New Screen... menu item, except that it does
not prompt for or load a file.
Allows you to close all but one of the screens created by New
Screen. If you created several Emacs screens belonging to the
same Emacs process, you can close all but one of them. When you
attempt to close the last screen, Emacs informs you that you are
attempting to delete the last screen. You have to choose Exit
Emacs for that.
Divides the current window on the current screen into two
equal-sized windows, both displaying the same buffer. Equivalent
to the Emacs command `split-window-vertically' (`C-x 2').
Un-split (Keep This)
If the screen is divided into multiple windows, this removes all
windows other than the selected one. Equivalent to the Emacs
command `delete-other-windows' (`C-x 1').
Un-split (Keep Others)
If the screen is divided into multiple windows, this removes the
selected window from the screen, giving the space back to one of
the other windows. Equivalent to the Emacs command `delete-window'
Shuts down (kills) the Emacs process. Equivalent to the Emacs
command `save-buffers-kill-emacs' (`C-x C-c'). Before killing the
Emacs process, the system asks which unsaved buffers to save by
going through the list of all buffers in that Emacs process.
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