(lemacs.info)Basic Window


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Concepts of Emacs Windows
=========================

   When Emacs displays multiple windows, each window has one Emacs
buffer designated for display.  The same buffer may appear in more than
one window; if it does, any changes in its text are displayed in all
the windows that display it.  Windows showing the same buffer can show
different parts of it, because each window has its own value of point.

   At any time, one  window is the "selected window"; the buffer
displayed by that window is the current buffer.  The cursor shows the
location of point in that window.  Each other window has a location of
point as well, but since the terminal has only one cursor, it cannot
show the location of point in the other windows.

   Commands to move point affect the value of point for the selected
Emacs window only.  They do not change the value of point in any other
Emacs window, including those showing the same buffer.  The same is
true for commands such as `C-x b' to change the selected buffer in the
selected window; they do not affect other windows at all.  However,
there are other commands such as `C-x 4 b' that select a different
window and switch buffers in it.  Also, all commands that display
information in a window, including (for example) `C-h f'
(`describe-function') and `C-x C-b' (`list-buffers'), work by switching
buffers in a non-selected window without affecting the selected window.

   Each window has its own mode line, which displays the buffer name,
modification status, and major and minor modes of the buffer that is
displayed in the window.  Note: Mode Line, for details on the mode
line.


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