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GNUS General Public License
(Clarified 13 Jan 1989)
The license agreements of most software companies keep you at the
mercy of those companies. By contrast, our general public license is
intended to give everyone the right to share GNUS. To make sure that
you get the rights we want you to have, we need to make restrictions
that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender
the rights. Hence this license agreement.
Specifically, we want to make sure that you have the right to give
away copies of GNUS, that you receive source code or else can get it if
you want it, that you can change GNUS or use pieces of it in new free
programs, and that you know you can do these things.
To make sure that everyone has such rights, we have to forbid you to
deprive anyone else of these rights. For example, if you distribute
copies of GNUS, you must give the recipients all the rights that you
have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source
code. And you must tell them their rights.
Also, for our own protection, we must make certain that everyone
finds out that there is no warranty for GNUS. If GNUS is modified by
someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what
they have is not what we distributed, so that any problems introduced
by others will not reflect on our reputation.
Therefore I (Masanobu Umeda) use the following terms, which are
written for GNU Emacs by Richard Stallman and the Free Software
Foundation, Inc. They say what you must do to be allowed to distribute
or change GNU Emacs. You can know your right to distribute or change
GNUS by replacing any occurrences of GNU Emacs with GNUS. Please apply
the same policies to GNUS as GNU Emacs.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of GNU Emacs source
code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you
conspicuously and appropriately publish on each file a valid
copyright notice "Copyright (C) 1988 Free Software Foundation,
Inc." (or with whatever year is appropriate); keep intact the
notices on all files that refer to this License Agreement and to
the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the
GNU Emacs program a copy of this License Agreement along with the
program. You may charge a distribution fee for the physical act
of transferring a copy.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of GNU Emacs source code or any
portion of it, and copy and distribute such modifications under
the terms of Paragraph 1 above, provided that you also do the
* cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating
who last changed such files and the date of any change; and
* cause the whole of any work that you distribute or publish,
that in whole or in part contains or is a derivative of GNU
Emacs or any part thereof, to be licensed at no charge to all
third parties on terms identical to those contained in this
License Agreement (except that you may choose to grant more
extensive warranty protection to some or all third parties,
at your option).
* if the modified program serves as a text editor, cause it,
when started running in the simplest and usual way, to print
an announcement including a valid copyright notice "Copyright
(C) 1988 Free Software Foundation, Inc." (or with the year
that is appropriate), saying that there is no warranty (or
else, saying that you provide a warranty) and that users may
redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling
the user how to view a copy of this License Agreement.
* You may charge a distribution fee for the physical act of
transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty
protection in exchange for a fee.
Mere aggregation of another unrelated program with this program
(or its derivative) on a volume of a storage or distribution
medium does not bring the other program under the scope of these
3. You may copy and distribute GNU Emacs (or a portion or derivative
of it, under Paragraph 2) in object code or executable form under
the terms of Paragraphs 1 and 2 above provided that you also do
one of the following:
* accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable
source code, which must be distributed under the terms of
Paragraphs 1 and 2 above; or,
* accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three
years, to give any third party free (except for a nominal
shipping charge) a complete machine-readable copy of the
corresponding source code, to be distributed under the terms
of Paragraphs 1 and 2 above; or,
* accompany it with the information you received as to where the
corresponding source code may be obtained. (This alternative
is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you
received the program in object code or executable form alone.)
For an executable file, complete source code means all the source
code for all modules it contains; but, as a special exception, it
need not include source code for modules which are standard
libraries that accompany the operating system on which the
executable file runs.
4. You may not copy, sublicense, distribute or transfer GNU Emacs
except as expressly provided under this License Agreement. Any
attempt otherwise to copy, sublicense, distribute or transfer GNU
Emacs is void and your rights to use GNU Emacs under this License
agreement shall be automatically terminated. However, parties who
have received computer software programs from you with this
License Agreement will not have their licenses terminated so long
as such parties remain in full compliance.
5. If you wish to incorporate parts of GNU Emacs into other free
programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the
Free Software Foundation. We have not yet worked out a simple
rule that can be stated here, but we will often permit this. We
will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of
all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing
and reuse of software.
Your comments and suggestions about our licensing policies and our
software are welcome! Please contact the Free Software Foundation,
Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139.
BECAUSE GNUS IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, WE PROVIDE ABSOLUTELY NO
WARRANTY, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE STATE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING, FUJITSU LABORATORIES LTD., MASANOBU UMEDA
AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE GNUS "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS
WITH YOU. SHOULD THE GNUS PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST
OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW WILL FUJITSU
LABORATORIES LTD., MASANOBU UMEDA, AND/OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY
MODIFY AND REDISTRIBUTE GNUS AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR
DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY LOST PROFITS, LOST MONIES, OR OTHER SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY
TO USE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED
INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE
PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH PROGRAMS NOT DISTRIBUTED BY MASANOBU UMEDA) THE
PROGRAM, EVEN IF YOU HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES, OR FOR ANY CLAIM BY ANY OTHER PARTY.
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