Next: Commands That Do Not Use Marks Prev: Marking Files in Dired Up: Dired
Most Dired commands operate on the "marked" files and default to the
current file. They are the "mark-using" commands. Deleting is the
only mark-using command that does not default to the current file.
Mark-using Dired commands treat a numeric argument as a repeat count,
meaning to act on the files of the next few lines instead of on the
marked files. That is, when you give a prefix argument the marks are
not consulted at all. A negative argument means to operate on the files
of the preceding lines. Either set of files is called "marked files"
below, whether they really come from marks or from a prefix argument.
The prompt of a mark-using command always makes clear which set of
files is operated upon: it mentions either the marker character `*' or
the `next N' files, where a negative N really means the previous -N
Thus you can use a prefix argument of `1' to apply a command to just
the current file, e.g, if you don't want to disturb the other files you
marked. As digits are prefix arguments in Dired, simply type `1'
followed by the command.
Many mark-using commands treat a prefix of N=0 specially, since it
would otherwise be a no-op.
All mark-using commands display a list of files for which they
failed. Type `W' to see why a (mark-using or other) command failed.
Error messages from shell commands (`stderr') cannot be redirected
separately and goes together with the usual output (`stdout').
- Copy and Move Into a Directory
- Renaming and More With Regexps
- Other File Creating Commands
- Deleting Files With Dired
- Dired Shell Commands
- Compressing and Uncompressing
- Changing File Attributes
- Loading and Byte-compiling Emacs Lisp Files
- Printing the Marked Files
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