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Syntax of Grammar Rules
A Bison grammar rule has the following general form:
where RESULT is the nonterminal symbol that this rule describes and
COMPONENTS are various terminal and nonterminal symbols that are put
together by this rule (Note: Symbols.).
exp: exp '+' exp
says that two groupings of type `exp', with a `+' token in between, can
be combined into a larger grouping of type `exp'.
Whitespace in rules is significant only to separate symbols. You
can add extra whitespace as you wish.
Scattered among the components can be ACTIONS that determine the
semantics of the rule. An action looks like this:
Usually there is only one action and it follows the components. *Note
Multiple rules for the same RESULT can be written separately or can
be joined with the vertical-bar character `|' as follows:
They are still considered distinct rules even when joined in this way.
If COMPONENTS in a rule is empty, it means that RESULT can match the
empty string. For example, here is how to define a comma-separated
sequence of zero or more `exp' groupings:
expseq: /* empty */
| expseq1 ',' exp
It is customary to write a comment `/* empty */' in each rule with no
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